Showing posts from March, 2019


Fastidious  [  fa-STID-ee-uh' s, fuh'-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. difficult to please; excessively critical; having high and often whimsical standards 2. requiring or displaying excessive care and delicacy   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The central characters of the show are fastidious, scrupulous and articulate.


Abstemious  [  ab-STEE-mee-uh's   ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. Moderate or sparing esp. in eating and drinking 2. Characterized by abstinence   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The secret to a long life may very well lie in being abstemious.


Nonentity  [  non-EN-ti-tee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a person who does not have any importance 2. something that does not exist   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Since he was a nonentity, the press did not deem it necessary to solicit his views on the matter.


Pithy  [  PITH-ee  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   terse; concise, forceful and full of meaning   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The editorial made a pithy observation about the lifestyles of the politicians and the causes they espouse.


Harbinger  [  HAHR-bin-jer  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   (n.) someone or something that indicates or announces what is to come (tr. v.) to indicate the approach of   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Witch hazels are the harbingers of spring.


Bedlam  [  BED-luh' m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a state, place or scene of utter confusion and uproar   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Back stage was bedlam with singers tuning their voices, make-up artists plying their trade and a lady ironing all the costumes.


Ignoramus  [  ig-nuh'-REY-muh' s, -RAM-uh' s  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   an absolutely ignorant person   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He advised the student to assume the examiner to be an ignoramus and explain everything.


Ineffable  [  in-EF-uh’-buh’ l  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. unable to describe in words; indescribable 2. not to be spoken of or uttered; taboo   USAGE EXAMPLE 1  Her ineffable joy at her book being published was captured well in the pictures.


Hedonism  [  HEED-n-iz-uh' m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the sole good in life   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Kings and emperors in ancient times were well known for their hedonism.


Crescendo  [  kri-SHEN-doh, -SEN-doh; It. kre-SHEN-daw  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. gradual increase in force or loudness of a musical passage; a steady, gradual increase in force or severity 2. the final point or peak of such an increase   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The crescendo was so sudden and loud that it sent shockwaves through the auditorium.


Grouse  [  grous  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) complaint 2. (n.) popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs and feet 3. (tr. v.) to complain and grumble   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   People who grumble and grouse all the time are disliked by all.


Jugular  [  JUHG-yuh’-ler, JOO-gyuh-  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) large veins in the neck that bring blood back from the brain 2. (n.) a vital part, vulnerable to attack 3. (adj.) of or having to do with the throat or neck 4. (adj.) of or having to do with the jugular vein   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The prosecuting lawyer went for the jugular by questioning the credibility of the witness.


Fallible  [  FAL-uh-buh' l  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (of persons) very likely to make a mistake or be misled 2. likely to be erroneous, faulty or false   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Since we humans are fallible, we have not yet succeeded in building a perfect world.


Maladroit  [  mal-uh’-DROIT  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   inept; bungling; lacking adroitness; clumsy   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   B oth parties are unhappy about the maladroit way the matter has been handled.


Nefarious  [  ni-FAIR-ee-uh’ s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   blatantly wicked   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She was also known for her escapades as a spy and for her various other nefarious activities.


Exogenous  [  ek-SOJ-uh'-nuh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. derived or developed externally 2. (Botany) marked by adding woody tissue layers to the stem externally beneath the bark 3. (Pathology) caused by external pathogens or conditions   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : He said that while there are a few indigenous reasons like genes, heredity etc for obesity, there are more exogenous reasons for the problem.


Clamour  [  KLAM-er  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) loud uproar or protest from a crowd 2. (v.) to protest or demand loudly   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   There was a huge clamour from the crowd as the popular actress stepped out from the studio.


hedonism  [  HEED-n-iz-uh' m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the sole good in life   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Kings and emperors in ancient times were well known for their hedonism.


Commodious  [  kuh'-MOH-dee-uh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   spacious and roomy   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   It is virtually impossible for a middle class person to find commodious accommodation in Mumbai.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The new car has a more commodious cabin than the old model, particularly in the rear.


Usurp  [  yoo-SURP, -ZURP  ]   [  verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to take or seize (position, office) by force or without right 2. replace   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She believed that the elderly lady, who seemed to govern decisions about her grandchildren's forthcoming marriages, was usurping her position in the family.


Bellicose  [  BEL-i-kohs  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   inclined or favoured to fighting; aggressively hostile   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The leader suggested that other less bellicose, parallel approaches should be considered to resolve the dispute.


Anchorite  [  ang-kuh'-rahyt  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a person who has retired to a secluded place for religious reasons   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   As an anchorite, she had chosen a life of silence and yet she teaches her daughters to speak out with honesty and courage.


Churlish  [  CHUR-lish  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   mean and impolite   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   As soon as we are persuaded that we are lucky to be alive, the thought of complaining about quality of life becomes churlish, ungrateful.


Gumption  [  GUHMP-shuh' n  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. common sense; shrewdness 2. initiative or aggressiveness   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   With his gumption, he is sure to rise to the top echelons of his company.


Lachrymose  [  LAK-ruh’-mohs  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. crying or inclined to cry 2. causing or tending to cause tears   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He is better known for his lachrymose ballads than hard rock numbers.


Euphonious  [  yoo-FOH-nee-uh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   having a pleasing sound; pleasant to the ear   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   An euphonious voice can be a great asset when working in a call centre or in telephonic sales.


Gastronome  [  GAS-truh'-nohm  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a connoisseur of fine food and drink   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   France has always been a gastronomer's delight.


Egregious  [  i-GREE-juh' s, -jee-uh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. flagrant; glaringly bad or offensive 2. (archaic) eminent; distinguished   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The critic's insulting and egregious remarks left the actor with no option but to file a suit for defamation.


Delirium  [  di-LEER-ee-uh' m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a brief, temporary state of mental confusion characterised by hallucination, delusions, incoherent speech, caused by high fever, shock, intoxication or other causes 2. a state of uncontrolled and frenzied emotion   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The news of her son's death left her in a state of delirium.


Ambidextrous  [  am-bi-DEK- struh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. able to skilfully use both hands 2. unusually skilful; versatile; adroit 3. double-dealing; hypocritical or deceitful   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   I'm trying to become ambidextrous, but it isn't really working.


Immure  [  i-MYOO’ R   ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to surround or enclose within walls; imprison 2. to build into or entomb in wall   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The dreaded terrorist was immured in a high security prison.

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