Showing posts from February, 2019


Aegis  [  EE-jis  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. protection; support: under the imperial aegis 2. Classical Mythology. the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its centre the head of the Gorgon.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The negotiations were conducted under the aegis of the UN.


Bagasse  [  buh'-GAS  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   plant residue or refuse that is left after the produce is extracted from it.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Bagasse is considered as a useful source for alternative energies since it is cheap and abundant in our country.


Gratuitous  [  gruh'-TOO-i-tuh' s, -TYOO-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1.unjustified or without apparent reason 2. given or granted without having to pay or return   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The company's gratuitous decision to stop flexitime left the employees puzzled and bewildered.


Ebullient  [  i-BUHL-yuh' nt, i-BOO' L-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. boiling; agitated; bubbling 2. high-spirited; highly enthusiastic or feverish   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   It was deeply saddening to see such an ebullient personality was nearing an end.

De facto

De facto  [  dee FAK-toh, dey  ]   [  adjective, adverb  ]   MEANING :   1. (adv.) actually existing with or without legal authority 2. (adj.) in fact or in reality   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The country was de facto divided between two states.


Expropriate  [  eks-proh-pree- eyt  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to deprive or take away from someone his possessions or ownership rights 2. to take something from someone else for one's own use   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Their assets were expropriated by the government.


Hackneyed  [  HAK-need  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   over familiar and dull through very frequent use   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   That's one of those hackneyed sayings we grow accustomed to from a young age.


Balderdash  [  BAWL-der-dash  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   nonsense; stupid, senseless talk or writing   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Chances are that they already know it's balderdash but are enjoying the idea too much to give it up.


Complaisant  [  kuh' m-PLEY-suh' nt, -zuh' nt, KOM-pluh'-zant  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   readily willing to please or oblige   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   There are too many complaisant doctors signing sick notes these days.


Soporific  [  sop-uh’-RIF-ik, soh-puh’-  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) causing or tending to cause sleep 2. (adj.) of or pertaining to sleep or drowsiness 3. (n.) something that causes sleep   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect.


ablution  [  uh'-BLOO-shuh'n  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a washing or cleansing of the body, especially for religious reasons   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The Hindu religion lays great stress on performing ablutions.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   In the Sikh holy city of Amritsar, where thousands of devotees gathered to celebrate the birthday of one of the religion's most important gurus, there was not enough water available for the pre-prayer ablutions.


denigrate  [  DEN-i-greyt  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to malign or defame someone; to criticize in a derogatory way 2. to belittle; to disregard the importance or value of someone or something 3. blacken; to make black   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   One should not denigrate the efforts of ordinary Indians and Pakistanis in bringing the two countries closer.


churlish  [  CHUR-lish  ] [  adjective  ] MEANING : mean and impolite USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : It would be churlish not to applaud the visiting team's resounding victory.


Foible  [  FOI-buh' l  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a slight flaw or weakness in character 2. the weaker portion of a blade of a sword, from its middle to its tip.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : Both characters have their foibles and strengths; both have suffered greatly; both deserve a second chance.


Condign  [  kuh n-DAHYN  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   appropriate; well-deserved   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The death penalty would be the most condign punishment for somebody who commits a cold-blooded murder.


Exacerbate  [  ig-ZAS-er-beyt, ek-SAS-  ]   [  verb  ]   MEANING :   aggravate; increase intensity, bitterness or violence   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The apparently untreated road was progressively freezing-over, exacerbating the problem.


gumption  [  GUHMP-shuh' n  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. common sense; shrewdness 2. initiative or aggressiveness   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   With his gumption, he is sure to rise to the top echelons of his company.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   For all their bossiness and humourlessness, the rationalist Leftists, at least have some gumption.


Leer  [  leer  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a sidelong look that indicates sly and malicious intent   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was given the pink slip for always leering at female members of the staff.


Germane  [   jer-MEYN  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   relevant; pertinent; fitting   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The speech made by the politician was not germane to the problems being faced by the people in his constituency.


Cynosure  [  SAHY-nuh-shoo' r, SIN-uh-  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a focal point of attraction and attention 2. something which serves to guide and direct   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The postman, aware that he was the cynosure of all eyes, would strut to the centre of the village and call out names of those whose letters he had brought.


Exiguous  [  ig-zig-yoo-uh' s, ik-sig-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   scanty; meagre; inadequate   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His exiguous income prevented him from marrying and starting a family.


Ennui  [  ahn-WEE, AHN-wee; Fr. ahn*-NWEE  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   dissatisfaction or weariness caused due to boredom   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She had a lingering sense of ennui that wasn't helping her stay energized and positive about her job.


Demure  [  di-MYOO' R  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. reserved or modest in manner or behaviour 2. coy; affected shyness or modesty   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Her demure manner endeared her to her elders.


Coquette  [  koh-KET  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a woman who is flirtatious   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Her reputation of being one of the biggest coquettes in town is undeniable.


Détente  [  dey-TAHNT; Fr. dey-THAN*T  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   the relaxing or easing of tension, between rivals, esp. nations, through negotiations or talks.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : During the Cold War there were periods of  détente  when arms control played a part in helping to enhance confidence between the adversaries.


Gainsay  [  GEYN-sey, geyn-SEY  ]   [  verb  ]   MEANING :   to deny or contradict   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : It cannot be gainsaid that the digital revolution is here with us.


Coeval  [  koh-EE-vuh' l  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   belonging to the same age or period   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The parallels between the two unconnected, coeval sites have fascinated the archaeologists.


Akimbo  [  uh'-KIM-boh  ]   [  adjective, adverb  ]   MEANING :   1. (adv.) in a position in which the hands are on the hips and elbows extend outwards 2. (adj.) placed in a way such that the hands are on the hips and the elbows extend outward   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She stood with arms akimbo, frowning at the small boy, intimidating him, much to the mother's annoyance.

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