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Defile [ di-FAHYL ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr. v.) to pollute or make dirty 2. (tr. v.) to make unclean or violate the chastity of 3. (tr. v.) to taint or sully the pureness of 4. (n.) a narrow pass or passage 5. (n.) a march in a line or in single fileUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The river was defiled with effluents from the factory.
Compliance [ kuh'm-PLAHY-uh'ns ][ noun ]MEANING :1. the act of conforming or yielding obediently 2. a tendency to yield readily to others 3. cooperation or acquiescingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Studies indicate that many physicians demonstrate poor compliance with recommended tuberculosis treatment guidelines.
Filigree [ FIL-i-gree ][ noun, adjective, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) delicate and intricate ornamental work made from fine twisted wire of gold or silver 2. (n.) a delicate, intricate and fanciful ornamentation 3. (adj.) made of or resembling delicate and intricate ornaments 4. (tr. v.) to decorate with delicate and intricate design workUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was the best goldsmith in town and had a team of jewelry designers who were experts at filigree work.
Parity [ PAR-i-tee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. (n.) equality 2. (n.) equivalence or similarity 3.(n.) equivalence in value or statusUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The striking workers wanted pay parity with their counterparts in the public transportation system.
Confound [ kon-FOUN-did ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. confused or bewildered 2. damned (euphemistic usage) 3. to cause to become confused or bewildered 4. to mix up 5. to make a bad thing worseUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The inflation figure confounded economic analysts.
Sedentary [ SED-n-ter-ee ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. characterized by remaining in one place or not moving about 2. accustomed to rest a great deal or to take little exercise 3. having or requiring a sitting postureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :If implemented widely, such a strategy could result in major health benefits for sedentary people.
Bizarre [ bih-ZAHR ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. far-fetched or strikingly unconventional 2. odd, weird, eccentric or outrageously strange 3. having a markedly unusual general characterUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He won the story telling competition with his bizarre tale.
Draconian [ drey-KOH-nee-uh'n, druh ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. harsh, rigorous or unusually severe 2. characteristic of or pertaining to Draco or his code of lawsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 : These hard facts indicate real motives behind enactment of this draconian law.
Haggle [ HAG-uh'l ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr. v.) to come to terms by petty bargaining 2. (tr. v.) to hack or cut in crude fashion 3. (intr. v.) to wrangle 5.(intr. v.) to bargain in a petty way 6. (n.) the act or instance of bargaining, wranglingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Fish of all shapes and sizes are for sale, with traders gathering round to see what had come in, haggling loudly over price.
Cynical [ SIN-i-kuh'l ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. characteristic of or like a person who believes that motivation stems only from selfishness 2. showing contempt for accepted standards of morality or honesty 3. pessimistic or sneeringly distrustful of the motives of othersUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :A lot of people are cynical and believe it's a money-making exercise, but it's not.’
Premonition [ pree-muh'-NISH-uh'n, prem-uh' ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a forewarning or an advance warning 2. an intuition of a future unwelcome occurrence 3. a foreboding or a feeling that evil is approachingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :I had a strong premonition of doom, the unmistakable feeling that I was walking into a trap.
Ignoble [ ig-NOH-buh' l ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. not belonging to the nobility; of humble rank or lineage 2. base; low; of inferior gradeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :There is also a strong message that vengeance is ignoble, and sacrificing oneself for any higher cause is honorable.
Assuage [ uh'-SWEYJ, uh'-SWEYZH ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to ease or reduce the severity of something 2. to mollify, calm, soothe or pacify 3. to quench or appeaseUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The task of a counselor is to pursue the best interests of the child and not assuage parental feelings.
Canard [ kuh'-NAHRD; Fr. ka*-NA*R* ][ noun ]MEANING :a spiteful report created to cause harm.USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Where he ventures to substantiate his canard (if canards can at all be substantiated), he falls flat on his face.
Clemency [ KLEM-uh'n-see ][ noun ]MEANING :1. the quality of being merciful or having the disposition to show leniency or compassion 2. the act of being merciful 3. mildness of (weather)USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He pleaded guilty and begged the court for clemency.
Seine [ seyn ]
[ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ] MEANING :
1. (n.) a fishing net that hangs vertically in the water with floats at the upper edge and weights at the lower edge
2. (tr. v.) to catch fish with a net which is hung vertically in the water
3. (intr. v.) to fish with a vertical net USAGE EXAMPLE :
Our team used a seine and caught ninety-seven fishes in just one hour.
Juxtapose [ JUHK-stuh’-pohz, juhk-stuh’-POHZ ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :to place side by side especially in order to compare and contrastUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The artist's choice of juxtaposing a partially blurred image with a clear one serves to vindicate her own, paint-like style.
Indemnity [ in-DEM-ni-tee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. security or protection against loss or damage 2. something paid as compensation for any loss or damage 3. legal exemption from penalties or liabilitiesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The insurance document stated that no indemnity will be given for loss of cash.
Covenant [ KUHV-uh'-nuh'nt ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) a treaty or a binding agreement 2. (n.) a legally agreement 3. (n.) God's promises to the human race, as revealed in the Scriptures 4. (tr. v.) to promise by a formal agreement 3. (intr. v.) to enter into a legal agreementUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :There was a covenant between them that her name was never to be mentioned.
Braggart [ BRAG-ert ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) a person who is given to boasting 2. (adj.) boastfulUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He is a charming braggart who through accessorizing makes his three uniform wardrobe look like twelve.
Drab [ drab ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) cheerless or lacking in spirit 2. (adj.) dull or lacking brightness 3. (adj.) having a dreary or dull character 4. (n.) greyish or brownish in colourUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Life in the orphanage was a rather drab existence.
Eccentric [ ik-SEN-trik, ek ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) odd or peculiar 2. (adj.) deviating from the recognized or conventional 3. (adj.) an axis or axle which is not situated in the centre or not having the same centre 4. (adj.) straying from a circular form (elliptic orbit) 5. (n.) a person who behaves in an unusual, peculiar, or odd way or has a peculiar set of beliefs 6. (n.) something that is odd, unusual or peculiarUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He may be somewhat eccentric, but he intends no harm.
Defrock [ dee-FROK ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to unseat or deprive of ecclesiastical rank and privileges 2. to strip of a frock 3. to unseat or deprive of an honorary positionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Being a defrocked French Catholic priest, he had little to look forward in life.
Parsimony [ PAHR-suh'-moh-nee][ noun ]MEANING :1. niggardliness or stinginess or excessive frugality
2. thrift or extreme economy
3. accepting the simplest assumption in the formulation of a theory especially according to the rule of Ockham's razor (entities must not be multiplied beyond necessity as the simplest solution is usually the correct one)USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Yet the decorations were always meagre, and their gifts chosen with his usual parsimony.
Patina [ PAT-n-uh', puh-TEE-nuh' ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a thin greenish layer that forms on copper or copper alloys due to oxidation
2. the sheen which develops on a surface caused by age and useUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :A dark bronze with minimal patina, the sculpture itself is massive but subtle.