Showing posts from January, 2018


Jingoism [ JING-goh-iz-uh’ m ][ noun ]MEANING :1. aggressive patriotism or chauvinistic nationalismUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Jingoism should be discouraged.


Ignoramus [ ig-nuh'-REY-muh' s, -RAM-uh' s ][ noun ]MEANING :an absolutely ignorant personUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :A captain of industry position is not for the ill educated or an ignoramus.


Gall [ gawl ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to annoy or cause vexation
2. (tr.v.) to cause a sore due to rubbing or friction
3. (n.) audacity, impudence or insolence
4. (n.) bile of an animal
5. (n.) rancour, bitterness or one that is bitter
6. (n.) vexation or annoyance
7.(n.) a sore that is caused by rubbingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He galled his friend to the extent that they were involved in a fight.


Laggard [ LAG-erd ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) a person or thing that lingers
2. (n.) one who loiters or a straggler
3. (adj.) falling behind or dallying
4. (adj.) sluggishUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :They stopped several times during the hike to enable the laggards to catch up with them.


Assuage [ uh'-SWEYJ, uh'-SWEYZH ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to ease or reduce the severity of something
2. to mollify, calm, soothe or pacify
3. to quench or appeaseUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Applying the ointment assuaged the pain.


Piquant [ PEE-kuh’ nt, -kahnt, pee-KAHNT ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. spicy or pleasantly pungent
2. interesting, intriguing, charming or appealing
3. engagingly provocative or lively
4. (archaic) stinging or hurting to feelingsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The piquant taste of the cuisine adds to its appeal.


Indolent [ IN-dl-uh'nt ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. lazy or having a disposition to avoid exertion
2. causing little or no pain
3. relatively benignUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The indolent child would not take part in any of the games.


Draconian [ drey-KOH-nee-uh'n, druh ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. harsh, rigorous or unusually severe
2. characteristic of or pertaining to Draco or his code of lawsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The elders say that society has become too easy going and permissive now that the draconian laws have been repealed.


Defeatist [ dih-FEE-tist ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) a person who surrenders easily
2. (n.) an advocate or follower of defeatism
3.(n.) resignation to the prospect of losing
4. (adj.) marked by the prospect of losingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was termed a defeatist as he put all his failures down to bad luck and gave up easily.


Innocuous [ i-NOK-yoo-uh’ s ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. not harmful or injurious
2. inoffensive, insipid, uninspiring or not stimulatingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :It was surprising that the diplomat's innocuous remarks caused such consternation.


Forswear [ fawr-SWAIR  ][ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to abjure or renounce or give up under oath
2. (tr.v.) to deny under oath
3. (intr.v.) to commit perjury or swear falselyUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Forswear beer and oily food if you want to reduce your paunch.


Germinal [ JUR-muh'-nl ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. occurring in the earliest stage of development
2. relating to a germ or germs or germ cellUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :They were provided with a germinal concept and had to build a plan of action around it.


Pragmatic [ prag-MAT-ik  ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) practical or matter-of-fact
2. (adj.) pertaining to facts and actual incidents
3. (n.) practical sanctionsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The government has devised a pragmatic solution to the problem of the steep rise in food prices.


Equitable [ EK-wi-tuh'-buh'l ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. characterized by equity, impartiality or fairness
2. pertaining to or valid in equity
3. just and rightUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The principal assured the students that equitable concessions had been made for them.


Burgeon [ BUR-juh’ n ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to grow or develop quickly; flourish
2. (intr.v.) to flourish or blossom
3. (n.) a budUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He has burgeoned into a confident young man.


Dint [ dint ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) force or strength
2. (n.) a dent
3. (tr. v.) to force in
4. (tr. v.) to put a dent inUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Their team won the match by dint of a strategic offense.


Variegate [  VAIR-ee-i-geyt, VAIR-i-geyt  ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr. v.) to vary the appearance esp. by means of different colours
2. (tr. v.) to diversify or give variety toUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The graphics expert variegated the same design by using different colours.


Quaff [ kwof, kwaf, kwawf ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :(tr.v.) to drink heartily and in large amounts
(intr. v.) to drink hurriedly or heartily
(n.) a copious draughtUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :We spent the entire evening quaffing wine.


Ensue [ en-SOO ][ intransitive verb ]MEANING :1. to follow as a consequence
2. to follow in order or successionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The principal warned the students that if they did not obey the rules punishment would ensue.


Forfeit [ FAWR-fit  ][ noun, adjective, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) penalty or fine
2. (n.) forfeiture or an act or instance of forfeiting
3. (tr.v.) to surrender or be deprived of a right due to an error or offense
4. (adj.) loss due to forfeitureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The referee warned them that a forfeit was their option as they were five players short.


Extricable [ EK-stri-kuh’-buh’ l, ik-STRIK-uh’-buh’ l  ][ adjective ]MEANING :capable of being extricatedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :All of the extricable honey has to be carefully removed from the bee-hive.


Alias [ EY-lee-uh' s ][ noun, adverb ]MEANING :1. (n.) an assumed name used to conceal one's identity
2. (adv.) otherwise known as; also known asUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :An alias is used by spies to protect their true identity.


Extralegal [ ek-struh’-LEE-guh’ l  ][ adjective ]MEANING :beyond the authority of or not governed by lawUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The authorities could not catch the smuggler because he escaped to an extralegal region.


Crotchet [ KROCH-it ][ noun ]MEANING :1. an eccentric, fancy or whimsical notion
2. a small hook-like process
3. a quarter note
4. a curved surgical instrument with a hookUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was often ridiculed because of his crotchets.


Mangy [ MEYN-jee  ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. having or infected with a skin disease characterized by the loss of fur or hair
2. mean or contemptible
3. shabby or worn out or rundownUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The dog catchers were trying to trap the mangy dog and take it to the pound.


Imprudent [ im-PROOD-nt ][ adjective ]MEANING :unwise, rash or lacking good judgementUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His imprudent actions caused a lot of problems.


Quip [ kwip ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a clever and witty saying
2. a sarcastic remarkUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The comedian's quip about a particular actor's acting abilities made the audience roar with laughter.


Slipshod [ SLIP-shod ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. untidy or careless
2. slovenly
3. shabby in appearanceUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was denied entry into the five star restaurant because of the slipshod way he was dressed.


Obtuse [  uh'b-TOOS, -TYOOS  ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) dull, insensitive or lacking quickness or intellect
2. (adj.) (of an angle) measuring greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees
3. (adj.) blunt or not acute or sharpUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His obtuse suggestions weren't received very well during the meeting.


Bane [ beyn ][ noun ]MEANING :1. anything that spoils or ruins
2. anything that caused harm, destruction or death
3. a deadly poison
4. the source of one's exasperation or a persistent annoyanceUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Alcoholism was the bane of his family life.


Rime [ rahym ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) frost, icicle or hoar
2. (n.) incrustation
3. (n.) an ice-coating that gets formed on instantaneous freezing of cold water droplets on a cold surface
4. (tr.v.) to cover or coat with frost or hoarUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Rime accumulated on the ledge made it impossible to open the window.


Apposite [ AP-uh'-zit, uh'-POZ-it ][ adjective ]MEANING :highly suitable and appropriateUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He enriched his essay on patriotism with some very apposite quotations from famous people on the subject.

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