Showing posts from January, 2018


Jingoism  [  JING-goh-iz-uh’ m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. aggressive patriotism or chauvinistic nationalism   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Jingoism should be discouraged.


Ignoramus  [  ig-nuh'-REY-muh' s, -RAM-uh' s  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   an absolutely ignorant person   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   A captain of industry position is not for the ill educated or an ignoramus.


Gall  [  gawl  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to annoy or cause vexation 2. (tr.v.) to cause a sore due to rubbing or friction 3. (n.) audacity, impudence or insolence 4. (n.) bile of an animal 5. (n.) rancour, bitterness or one that is bitter 6. (n.) vexation or annoyance 7.(n.) a sore that is caused by rubbing   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He galled his friend to the extent that they were involved in a fight.


Laggard  [  LAG-erd  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) a person or thing that lingers 2. (n.) one who loiters or a straggler 3. (adj.) falling behind or dallying 4. (adj.) sluggish   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   They stopped several times during the hike to enable the laggards to catch up with them.


Assuage  [  uh'-SWEYJ, uh'-SWEYZH  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to ease or reduce the severity of something 2. to mollify, calm, soothe or pacify 3. to quench or appease   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Applying the ointment assuaged the pain.


Piquant  [  PEE-kuh’ nt, -kahnt, pee-KAHNT  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. spicy or pleasantly pungent 2. interesting, intriguing, charming or appealing 3. engagingly provocative or lively 4. (archaic) stinging or hurting to feelings   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The piquant taste of the cuisine adds to its appeal.


Indolent  [  IN-dl-uh'nt  ] [  adjective  ] MEANING : 1. lazy or having a disposition to avoid exertion 2. causing little or no pain 3. relatively benign USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : The indolent child would not take part in any of the games.


Draconian  [  drey-KOH-nee-uh'n, druh  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. harsh, rigorous or unusually severe 2. characteristic of or pertaining to Draco or his code of laws   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The elders say that society has become too easy going and permissive now that the draconian laws have been repealed.


Defeatist  [  dih-FEE-tist  ] [  noun, adjective  ] MEANING : 1. (n.) a person who surrenders easily 2. (n.) an advocate or follower of defeatism 3.(n.) resignation to the prospect of losing 4. (adj.) marked by the prospect of losing USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : He was termed a defeatist as he put all his failures down to bad luck and gave up easily.


Innocuous  [  i-NOK-yoo-uh’ s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. not harmful or injurious 2. inoffensive, insipid, uninspiring or not stimulating   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   It was surprising that the diplomat's innocuous remarks caused such consternation.


Forswear  [  fawr-SWAIR   ]   [  intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to abjure or renounce or give up under oath 2. (tr.v.) to deny under oath 3. (intr.v.) to commit perjury or swear falsely   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Forswear beer and oily food if you want to reduce your paunch.


Germinal  [  JUR-muh'-nl  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. occurring in the earliest stage of development 2. relating to a germ or germs or germ cell   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   They were provided with a germinal concept and had to build a plan of action around it.


Pragmatic  [  prag-MAT-ik   ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) practical or matter-of-fact 2. (adj.) pertaining to facts and actual incidents 3. (n.) practical sanctions   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The government has devised a pragmatic solution to the problem of the steep rise in food prices.


Equitable  [  EK-wi-tuh'-buh'l  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. characterized by equity, impartiality or fairness 2. pertaining to or valid in equity 3. just and right   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The principal assured the students that equitable concessions had been made for them.


Burgeon  [  BUR-juh’ n  ]   [  noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to grow or develop quickly; flourish 2. (intr.v.) to flourish or blossom 3. (n.) a bud   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He has burgeoned into a confident young man.


Dint  [  dint  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) force or strength 2. (n.) a dent 3. (tr. v.) to force in 4. (tr. v.) to put a dent in   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Their team won the match by dint of a strategic offense.


Variegate  [   VAIR-ee-i-geyt, VAIR-i-geyt   ] [  transitive verb  ] MEANING : 1. (tr. v.) to vary the appearance esp. by means of different colours 2. (tr. v.) to diversify or give variety to USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : The graphics expert variegated the same design by using different colours.


Quaff  [  kwof, kwaf, kwawf  ]   [  noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   (tr.v.) to drink heartily and in large amounts (intr. v.) to drink hurriedly or heartily (n.) a copious draught   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   We spent the entire evening quaffing wine.


Ensue  [  en-SOO  ]   [  intransitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to follow as a consequence 2. to follow in order or succession   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The principal warned the students that if they did not obey the rules punishment would ensue.


Forfeit  [  FAWR-fit   ]   [  noun, adjective, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) penalty or fine 2. (n.) forfeiture or an act or instance of forfeiting 3. (tr.v.) to surrender or be deprived of a right due to an error or offense 4. (adj.) loss due to forfeiture   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The referee warned them that a forfeit was their option as they were five players short.


Extricable  [  EK-stri-kuh’-buh’ l, ik-STRIK-uh’-buh’ l   ] [  adjective  ] MEANING : capable of being extricated USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : All of the extricable honey has to be carefully removed from the bee-hive.


Alias  [  EY-lee-uh' s  ]   [  noun, adverb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) an assumed name used to conceal one's identity 2. (adv.) otherwise known as; also known as   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   An alias is used by spies to protect their true identity.


Extralegal  [  ek-struh’-LEE- guh’ l   ] [  adjective  ] MEANING : beyond the authority of or not governed by law USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : The authorities could not catch the smuggler because he escaped to an extralegal region. 


Crotchet  [  KROCH-it  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. an eccentric, fancy or whimsical notion 2. a small hook-like process 3. a quarter note 4. a curved surgical instrument with a hook   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was often ridiculed because of his crotchets.


Mangy  [  MEYN-jee   ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. having or infected with a skin disease characterized by the loss of fur or hair 2. mean or contemptible 3. shabby or worn out or rundown   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The dog catchers were trying to trap the mangy dog and take it to the pound.


Imprudent  [  im-PROOD-nt  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   unwise, rash or lacking good judgement   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His imprudent actions caused a lot of problems.


Quip  [  kwip  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a clever and witty saying 2. a sarcastic remark   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The comedian's quip about a particular actor's acting abilities made the audience roar with laughter.


Slipshod  [  SLIP-shod  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. untidy or careless 2. slovenly 3. shabby in appearance   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was denied entry into the five star restaurant because of the slipshod way he was dressed.


Obtuse  [   uh'b-TOOS, -TYOOS   ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) dull, insensitive or lacking quickness or intellect 2. (adj.) (of an angle) measuring greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees 3. (adj.) blunt or not acute or sharp   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His obtuse suggestions weren't received very well during the meeting.


Bane  [  beyn  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. anything that spoils or ruins 2. anything that caused harm, destruction or death 3. a deadly poison 4. the source of one's exasperation or a persistent annoyance   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Alcoholism was the bane of his family life.


Rime  [  rahym  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) frost, icicle or hoar 2. (n.) incrustation 3. (n.) an ice-coating that gets formed on instantaneous freezing of cold water droplets on a cold surface 4. (tr.v.) to cover or coat with frost or hoar   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Rime accumulated on the ledge made it impossible to open the window.


Apposite  [  AP-uh'-zit, uh'-POZ-it  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   highly suitable and appropriate   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He enriched his essay on patriotism with some very apposite quotations from famous people on the subject.

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