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Doldrums [ DOHL-druh'mz ][ noun ]MEANING :1. stagnation or a state where there is no activity 2. a slump or a period of depression 3. a region of the ocean near the equator, characterized by light winds or squalls.USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The company was in the doldrums after missing out on the huge contract.
Plenary [ PLEE-nuh'-ree ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) complete or absolute 2. (adj.) attended by all qualified members or fully constituted 3. a meeting at which all members are presentUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Many members objected as the vote was not taken at a plenary meeting.
Allegory [ AL-uh'-gawr-ee, -gohr-ee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. figurative representation of an abstract idea by means of concrete characters, events or symbols
2. an emblem or symbolic representationUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His books were famous for the way in which the allegory of mysticism was depicted.
Belie [ bih-LAHY ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to refute, contradict or prove to be false 2. to misrepresent or give a false impressionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His nervous gesticulations belied the confidence with which he spoke.
Asunder [ uh'-suh'n-DER ][ adjective, adverb ]MEANING :1. (adj.) into separate parts or into pieces 2. (adj.) apart in position or directionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The hillock was rendered asunder by explosive charges and levelled by bulldozers.
Edible [ ED-uh'-buh'l ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) consumable, esculent or eatable 2. (n.) food or a substance that can be eatenUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :They have released a list of edible items to avoid cases of food poisoning.
Convulsion [ kuh'n-VUHL-shuh'n ][ noun ]MEANING :1. contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions 2. a commotion or violent disturbance 3. a paroxysm or an uncontrollable fit of laughterUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The electrician was lucky to have survived the convulsions caused by the electric shock.
Expository [ ik-SPOZ-i-tawr-ee ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. serving to explain 2. pertaining to a public show or exhibition 3. characteristic of being set forthUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Despite the expository nature of the lecture, only a few students were able to understand.
Dubious [ DOO-bee-uh’ s, DYOO- ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. uncertain or undecided 2. questionable or doubtful 3. sceptical or hesitantUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He received several dubious glances on his arrival to the airport.
Reprimand [ n. REP-ruh’-mand, -mahnd; v. REP-ruh’-mand, -mahnd, rep-ruh’-MAND, -MAHND ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) formal and severe rebuke from an authoritative person 2. (tr.v.) to severely rebuke or reproof someone esp. authoritatively and formallyUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The employee was reprimanded by the senior manager.
Mausoleum [ maw-suh’-LEE-uh’ m, -zuh’- ][ noun ]MEANING :1. an impressive and splendid tomb 2. a small building used to bury the remains of individuals esp. of those belonging to the same family 3. a large, gloomy room or buildingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The Taj Mahal is probably the most famous mausoleum in the world.
Ersatz [ ER-zahts, -sahts, er-ZAHTS, -SAHTS ][ adjective ]MEANING :an artificial and usually inferior substitute or imitationUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :At the seminar they served us ersatz coffee made of chicory.
Bane [ beyn ][ noun ]MEANING :1. anything that spoils or ruins 2. anything that caused harm, destruction or death 3. a deadly poison 4. the source of one's exasperation or a persistent annoyanceUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Alcoholism was the bane of his family life.
Entail [ v. en-TEYL; n. en-TEYL, EN-teyl ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr. v.) to impose or require as a necessary accompaniment or consequence 2. (tr. v.) To limit inheritance of (property) to a chosen succession of heirs 3. (n.) a predetermined order of successionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Success in the examination entails sincere studying.
Obeisance [ oh-BEY-suh’ ns, oh-BEE- ][ noun ]MEANING :a gesture of body movement that expresses homage, like a bowUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Thousands pay obeisance to the image of Lord Jagannath as it passes through the streets of Puri.
Covetous [ KUHV-i-tuh' s ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. having a craving to acquire or possess 2. marked by excessive desire for wealth or possession or for another possessionsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His covetous gaze made it clear that he wanted to own a Ferrari.
Pedant [ PED-nt ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning. 2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details. 3. a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The conference for Chemical engineers held recently in New Delhi was attended by world renowned pedants.
Unrelenting [ uhn-ri-LEN-ting][ adjective ]MEANING :1. not yielding or wavering in determination 2. not diminishing in severityUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The detective assured the Dean that he was making unrelenting efforts to clear the campus of drug dealers.
Maudlin [ MAWD-lin ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. tearfully or weakly emotional 2.mawkish or sentimental especially under the influence of alcoholUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The singer's maudlin love ballads made him hugely popular with women. USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :One of the best impassioned outcries comes from a maudlin columnist in the Salt Lake City Tribune.
Sedentary [ SED-n-ter-ee ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. characterized by remaining in one place or not moving about 2. accustomed to rest a great deal or to take little exercise 3. having or requiring a sitting postureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The physiotherapist told him that his backache was due to his sedentary job.
Unwonted [ uhn-WAWN-tid,-WOHN-,-WUHN- ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. not customary or habitual 2. not accustomed; unusedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The strictest teacher started treating the students with unwonted kindness because an official visit from the faculty inspector was due.
Cache [ kash ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) a place to conceal food, supplies and ammunition 2. (n.) one that is hidden or stored in a cache 3. (n.) computer memory used for quick access to frequently accessed data and instructions 4. (tr.v.) to hide or conceal ammunition and supplies in a cacheUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The terrorists carried with them a cache of arms and grenades which they hoped to used to inflict maximum damage.