Showing posts from June, 2014


Doldrums  [  DOHL-druh'mz  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. stagnation or a state where there is no activity 2. a slump or a period of depression 3. a region of the ocean near the equator, characterized by light winds or squalls.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The company was in the doldrums after missing out on the huge contract.


Plenary  [  PLEE-nuh'-ree  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) complete or absolute 2. (adj.) attended by all qualified members or fully constituted 3. a meeting at which all members are present   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Many members objected as the vote was not taken at a plenary meeting.


Allegory  [  AL-uh'-gawr-ee, -gohr-ee  ] [  noun  ] MEANING : 1. figurative representation of an abstract idea by means of concrete characters, events or symbols 2. an emblem or symbolic representation USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : His books were famous for the way in which the allegory of mysticism was depicted.


Belie  [  bih-LAHY   ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to refute, contradict or prove to be false 2. to misrepresent or give a false impression   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His nervous gesticulations belied the confidence with which he spoke.


Asunder  [  uh'-suh'n-DER  ]   [  adjective, adverb  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) into separate parts or into pieces 2. (adj.) apart in position or direction   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The hillock was rendered asunder by explosive charges and levelled by bulldozers.


Edible  [  ED-uh'-buh'l  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) consumable, esculent or eatable 2. (n.) food or a substance that can be eaten   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   They have released a list of edible items to avoid cases of food poisoning.


Convulsion  [  kuh'n-VUHL-shuh'n   ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions 2. a commotion or violent disturbance 3. a paroxysm or an uncontrollable fit of laughter   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The electrician was lucky to have survived the convulsions caused by the electric shock.


Expository  [  ik-SPOZ-i-tawr-ee  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. serving to explain 2. pertaining to a public show or exhibition 3. characteristic of being set forth   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Despite the expository nature of the lecture, only a few students were able to understand.


Dubious  [  DOO-bee-uh’ s, DYOO-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. uncertain or undecided 2. questionable or doubtful 3. sceptical or hesitant   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He received several dubious glances on his arrival to the airport. 


Reprimand  [  n. REP-ruh’-mand, -mahnd; v. REP-ruh’-mand, -mahnd, rep-ruh’-MAND, -MAHND  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) formal and severe rebuke from an authoritative person 2. (tr.v.) to severely rebuke or reproof someone esp. authoritatively and formally   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The employee was reprimanded by the senior manager.


Mausoleum  [  maw-suh’-LEE-uh’ m, -zuh’-  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. an impressive and splendid tomb 2. a small building used to bury the remains of individuals esp. of those belonging to the same family 3. a large, gloomy room or building   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The Taj Mahal is probably the most famous mausoleum in the world.


Petulant  [  PECH-uh’-luh’ nt  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   irritable, peevish, touchy or fretful   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Petulant behaviour in children must be discouraged from early childhood.


Ersatz  [  ER-zahts, -sahts, er-ZAHTS, -SAHTS  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   an artificial and usually inferior substitute or imitation   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   At the seminar they served us ersatz coffee made of chicory.


Bane  [  beyn  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. anything that spoils or ruins 2. anything that caused harm, destruction or death 3. a deadly poison 4. the source of one's exasperation or a persistent annoyance   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Alcoholism was the bane of his family life.


Entail  [  v. en-TEYL; n. en-TEYL, EN-teyl  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr. v.) to impose or require as a necessary accompaniment or consequence 2. (tr. v.) To limit inheritance of (property) to a chosen succession of heirs 3. (n.) a predetermined order of succession   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Success in the examination entails sincere studying.


Connoisseur  [  kon-uh’-SUR, -SOO’ R  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   an expert, critic or aesthete esp. one of the fine arts   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He considered himself a connoisseur of all things French.


Obeisance  [  oh-BEY-suh’ ns, oh-BEE-  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a gesture of body movement that expresses homage, like a bow   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Thousands pay obeisance to the image of Lord Jagannath as it passes through the streets of Puri.


Covetous  [  KUHV-i-tuh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. having a craving to acquire or possess 2. marked by excessive desire for wealth or possession or for another possessions   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His covetous gaze made it clear that he wanted to own a Ferrari.


Rapine  [  RAP-in, -ahyn  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   the act of forcefully taking away someone else's property; pillage   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The rapine of Hindustan by Nadir Shah has been well documented.


Pedant  [  PED-nt  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning. 2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details. 3. a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The conference for Chemical engineers held recently in New Delhi was attended by world renowned pedants.


Unrelenting  [  uhn-ri-LEN-ting   ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. not yielding or wavering in determination 2. not diminishing in severity   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The detective assured the Dean that he was making unrelenting efforts to clear the campus of drug dealers. 


Maudlin  [  MAWD-lin  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. tearfully or weakly emotional 2.mawkish or sentimental especially under the influence of alcohol   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The singer's maudlin love ballads made him hugely popular with women.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   One of the best impassioned outcries comes from a maudlin columnist in the Salt Lake City Tribune.


Sedentary  [  SED-n-ter-ee  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. characterized by remaining in one place or not moving about 2. accustomed to rest a great deal or to take little exercise 3. having or requiring a sitting posture   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The physiotherapist told him that his backache was due to his sedentary job. 


Unwonted  [  uhn-WAWN-tid,-WOHN- ,-WUHN-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. not customary or habitual 2. not accustomed; unused   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The strictest teacher started treating the students with unwonted kindness because an official visit from the faculty inspector was due. 


Inadvertent  [  in-uh’ d-VUR-tnt  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   heedless, careless or not intentional   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His inadvertent remarks during the meeting earned him a censure from his boss.


Unwitting  [  uhn-WIT-ing  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. unintentional 2. unaware   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The thief managed to escape with a little unwitting help from the guard.


Cache  [  kash  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) a place to conceal food, supplies and ammunition 2. (n.) one that is hidden or stored in a cache 3. (n.) computer memory used for quick access to frequently accessed data and instructions 4. (tr.v.) to hide or conceal ammunition and supplies in a cache   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The terrorists carried with them a cache of arms and grenades which they hoped to used to inflict maximum damage.

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