Showing posts from December, 2013


Redundant  [  ri-DUHN-duh’ nt  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. superfluous, excess or overabundant 2. prolix or unnecessarily repetitive 3. profuse or lavish 4. comprising extra or unusual features   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The redundant nature of the research work made it a waste of money.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Charlotte Gardner, a 25-year-old Californian, was made redundant by a financial-services firm in November.


Paradox  [  PAR-uh’-doks  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. one that is self-contradictory or absurd, yet true 2. one that exhibits contradictory qualities 3. an assertion that contradicts itself or may seem to do so although it has been deduced or based on logic   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Her writings were a paradox which swayed between two extremes like a pendulum.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   It is a tragic paradox that people who have exceptional educational skills should be without avenues for upward social and economic mobility.


Quirk  [  kwurk  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) an idiosyncrasy, whim, or peculiar mannerism or trait 2. (n.) a sharp turn or twist 3. (n.) an accident or vagary 4. (n.) a subterfuge, shift or quibble 5. (tr.v.) to form with a twist or curve 6. (adj.) formed with a curve or twist.   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His quirks made him stand out in a crowd   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The small town in Kansas which shared the programme's name was spared the effects of the attacks by a geographical quirk.


Opportunist  [  op-er-TOO-niz- uh’ m, -TYOO-  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   one who takes complete advantage of an opportunity irrespective of whether it goes against ones principles or ethics   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Being an opportunist the groom ran away with bag containing the cash whilst the in-laws argued about the dowry.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Opportunist thieves who found the front door to Newent police station in Gloucestershire unlocked made off with items including a patrol car key.


Boisterous  [  BOI-ster-uh' s, -struh' s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. rough, noisy; rowdy; very jolly or high spirited 2. (of waves) stormy and rough   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Soccer is a sport which attracts large, boisterous crowds.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The work of British sculptor Raymond Mason, it depicts a crowd of boisterous market porters bearing fruit and vegetables and pushing laden handcarts.


Rebuke  [  ri-BYOOK  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr. v.) to reprove or express sharp, stern disapproval of 2. (tr. v.) to reprimand or admonish 3. (tr. v.) check or repress 4. (n.) a sharp, stern disapproval or a reprimand   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The teacher rebuked the children who did not complete their homework assignment.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The rebuke comes after China warned that Washington risked damaging US-China relations if it went ahead with the meeting, however analysts said the China's carefully calibrated response indicated that Beijing was not going to overreact.


Spurn  [  spurn  ]   [  noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr. v.) to reject scornfully 2. (tr. v.) to kick at or stamp on scornfully 3. (intr. v.) to show contempt for or to scorn something 4. (n.) a scornful rejection   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She suffered a nervous breakdown after being spurned by the boy she loved.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Meier killed herself after the "boy" spurned her and at one point told her via the Internet that the world would be a better place without her, according to prosecutors.


Shrew  [  shroo  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. an ill-tempered woman known for her scolding 2. a small, mouse-like insectivorous mammal that has a long, pointed snout and soft fur   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The shrew screeched the house down.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   A conservation project in Kent is giving people the chance to learn more about water shrews. 


Retroactive  [  re-troh-AK-tiv  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   influencing, having an effect or applicable to something that happened over a period prior to its enactment   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The riots were blamed on the retroactive speech.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   They are taking help of both Indian and Canadian law firms to file suits against Canada's ministry of citizenship and immigration for "announcing retroactive rules affecting their chances.


Umbrage  [  UHM-brij  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. offence, displeasure or resentment 2. foliage of trees that cast shadows and provide shade 3. a hint or indication of doubt or hostility   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The umbrage should not go unpunished.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Everybody gets annoyed at some point and hearing other people's tales of umbrage can be pretty entertaining.


Seclusion  [  si-KLOO-zhuh’ n  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. the state, condition or act of being isolated or at solitude 2. a place that is isolated   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The seclusion rendered her demented.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   A scattering of wooden cottages blends seamlessly with the lush green gardens of the hillside, offering sweet seclusion, understated luxury and a deserted white-sand beach.


Squat  [  skwot  ]   [  adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (intr. v.) to sit in a crouching position with the legs drawn up 2. (intr. v.) to sit on ones haunches 3. (intr. v.) to illegally occupy land in order to acquire a title to it 4. (tr. v.) to settle upon as an illegal occupant 5. (n.) the act of crouching 6. (n.) an exercise in which one sits on one's haunches then stands while holding a weighted barbell   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   When on a camping trip you have to learn to squat as there are no chairs in the jungle.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   As for squatting, that will have to be option. I can't even bend over to touch me knees, never mind a squat.


Wallow  [  WOL-oh  ]   [  noun, intransitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (intr.v.) to indulge or luxuriate 2. (intr.v.) to relax or laze about by rolling or lying in mud or water 3. (intr.v.) to billow forth or surge up 4. (n.) an act or example of wallowing 5. (n.) a condition or state of degeneracy   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She wallowed and cried her eyes out in self pity.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   While India continued to wallow in the misery of a lone silver medal, it was euphoria for China as it celebrated its best performance at the Olympics.


Gamut  [  Gam-uh' t  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a complete range of anything 2. the entire range of recognized musical notes   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   As Head of marketing, he had to be knowledgeable about the entire gamut of marketing activities conducted by his company.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   There are 11 nominees, whose finely nuanced performances run the full gamut from comedy to tragedy.


Tepid  [  TEP-id  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. lukewarm or barely warm 2. half-hearted or devoid of enthusiasm, zeal or passion   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The tepid tea was sent back to the kitchen to be reheated.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The US economy managed to grow at the tepid rate of 1.6% during the first three months of the year.


Thwart  [  thwawrt  ]   [  noun, adjective, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to block, hinder, obstruct or prevent an untoward incident from taking place 2. (tr.v.) to pass across or extend 3. (adj.) transverse or oblique 4. (adj.) perverse or wrong 5. (n.) a seat that extends across a boat for the rower to sit on   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was thwarted by the allied forces.


Bulwark  [  BOO' L-werk, -wawrk, BUHL-  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) a solid wall built for defence; a rampart 2. (n.) something serving as a strong support or protection 3. (n.) breakwater 4. (n.) (usu. plural) the side of a ship above the upper deck 5. (tr. v.) to fortify or protect with a bulwark   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The Great wall of China- built as a bulwark against invading Mongols- is one of the greatest engineering feats of all time.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Clinton hopes Texas will serve as a bulwark against Obama's wave of growing political support.

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