Showing posts from December, 2012


Flagellate  [  v. FLAJ-uh'-leyt; adj., n. FLAJ-uh'-lit, -leyt  ]   [  noun, adjective, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to flog, scourge or whip 2. (adj.) having a shape like a flagellum 3. (adj.) pertaining to or of a flagellate 4. (n.) a protozoa or an alga that possesses one or more flagella   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   To have anyone flagellated so mercilessly is a crime against humanity.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Some worshippers and clerics flagellated themselves to the sounds of mourning invocations. Wishing our patrons a very Happy New Year!


Menial  [  MEE-nee-uh’ l, MEEN-yuh’ l  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) degrading, low, servile or submissive 2. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of slaves or servants 3. (n.) a domestic slave or servant 4. (n.) a submissive or servile person   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Menial labour, unfortunately, is looked down upon and does not carry the same respect as other jobs.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   He worked in menial jobs until he was 25, when a school friend who was directing commercials took on Ritchie as a runner.


Neologism  [  nee-OL-uh’-jiz-uh’ m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a new word or expression 2. creating or using new words 3. creating a new meaning for an established word   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He spoke several words I had never heard of and I assumed them to be neologisms.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   One hallmark of a technology that's not ready for prime time is the great number of neologisms it spawns.


Synchronous  [  SING-kruh'-nuh's  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. happening at the same time or simultaneously 2. of the same period   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The synchronous chimes of the two clocks amazed the spectators.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Once a few individuals start signaling, the rest of the offspring contribute signals of their own in synchronous waves.


Regal  [  REE-guh’ l  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. pertaining to or characteristic of a king or monarch 2. royal 3. glorious, marvellous or stately   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The ceremony was conducted in full regal splendour.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   It was not only Mr Mandela’s regal charm that won over white South Africans.


Ingenuous  [  in-JEN-yoo-uh’ s  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. frank, candid, sincere or open 2. simple, naive or straightforward   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His ingenuous statements earned him their respect.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Our ears have now got used to the couplets recited constantly by political campaigners and advertisers, but a more ingenuous use of poetry has now come to light.


Calumny  [  KAL-uh m-nee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. to disrepute or defame someone by false malicious statements 2. the act of disreputing a person with false statements   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Varun Gandhi's speech was considered a calumny of muslims living in this country.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Acrid controversy and acid calumny have engulfed Britain's definitive tenth anniversary remembrance of Princess Diana's death. Merry Christmas to all our patrons!


Nemesis  [  NEM-uh’-sis  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a source of harm or ruin 2. an opponent who is fearsome and cannot be beaten or overcome 3. one that inflicts retribution or vengeance   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The West Indian pace attack of the 1980's proved to be a nemesis for many a batsman.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   A gruelling second day awaits - including the dreaded javelin, Sotherton's nemesis on a number of occasions and no great favourite of the diminutive Ennis.


Tutelary  [  TOOT-l-er-ee  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) holding the position of being the guardian or protector of a person, place, or thing 2. (adj.) pertaining to a guardian or protector 3. (n.) the person who serves as a guardian 4. (n.) one who has protective powers   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   In the Harry Potter series, Harry learned loads of new powerful magical spells under Dumbledore's watchful, tutelary eye.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   They were not offering a tutelary lesson in morals or inviting their viewers to a perception of transcendence. 


Drab  [  drab  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) cheerless or lacking in spirit 2. (adj.) dull or lacking brightness 3. (adj.) having a dreary or dull character 4. (n.) greyish or brownish in colour   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The drab room, he lived in, made him grumpy.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   It is in the 12th District and is no more than an alleyway overhung by drab buildings.


Rile  [  rahyf  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. abounding with or of frequent occurrence 2. widely prevalent 3. current in speech   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The village was rile with rumours that their village had been chosen as the location for some of the rural scenes for SRK’s new movie.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Sarah Beeny's sell-your-own-property site has riled estate agents across the country. 


Protract  [  proh-TRAKT, pruh’-  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to increase the time duration of, prolong or extend in space 2. to draw or plot to scale especially by making use of a protractor and a scale 3. (in terms of anatomy) to jut out or protrude   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The course duration was protracted from 18 months to 24 months.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Under the agreement, signed after months of protracted debate, Mugabe retained his office.


Ingest  [  in-JEST   ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to eat 2. to consume   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   After being starved for two days, the hungry prisoner ingested all he could lay his hands on.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   As hens have no teeth they use flint grit that they ingest and hold in their crop to grind up their food. 


Progeny  [  PROJ-uh’-nee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. offspring, descendants or young ones 2. a product, result or issue   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Their progeny was destined for stardom.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Even for the best sire that has ever stood in Europe, which is probably Sadler's Wells, less than 60 per cent of his progeny would have won a race by the end of their three year old career," said Philip Freedman, chairman of the Throroughbred Breeders' Association.


Rehabilitate  [  ree-huh’-BIL-i- teyt, ree-uh’-  ]   [  intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to restore or reinstate the condition, health, reputation, means of livelihood or shelter of those who have lost it 2. (intr.v.) to undergo the process of rehabilitation   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was rehabilitated into society after he had served his sentence.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Windows is the company's most profitable business, generating some 30 percent of its revenue, and Microsoft is desperate to fully rehabilitate the credibility of its operating systems.


Panjandrum  [  pan-JAN-druh’ m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a person who has or claims to have tremendous importance or influence   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The BJP's panjandrums will have to sit down and analyse the impact of Varun Gandhi's speech at the recent parliamentary hustings.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   That wouldn't please the Democratic panjandrums who desperately want a nominee now that John McCain has wrapped up the Republican race. 


Quandary  [  KWON-duh’-ree, -dree  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a state of doubt or uncertainty; dilemma   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He was in a state of quandary, whether to pursue higher education overseas or in his own country.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   That is the quandary facing Celtic after the list of their potential last-16 opponents was completed this week.


Kudos  [  KOO-dohz  ] [  noun  ] MEANING : 1. glory or honour 2. praise or accolade USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : The policeman received kudos for bravery in action. USAGE EXAMPLE 2 : However, it was their first Championship final since 1970 and they deserved all the kudos going after a great run which augurs well for next season's competition.


Melee  [  MEY-ley, mey-LEY, MEL-ey  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a chaotic or confused brawl or struggle 2. turmoil or confusion   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The melee left many people injured.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   This was the melee tournament - a brutal free-for-all with few rules - designed very much as a preparation for war.


Pandemonium  [  pan-duh’-MOH- nee-uh’ m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. noisy and wild confusion or uproar 2. a place of utter chaos or unruly uproar   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   There was mass pandemonium as the gunman opened fire.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   There was mass pandemonium, people running, Kelly told The Associated Press. "One officer -- the first into the classroom -- told me he could still smell gunpowder."

Mala fide

Mala fide  [  MAH-lah FEE-de; Eng. MEY-luh’ FAHY-dee  ]   [  adjective, adverb  ]   MEANING :   in bad faith; false   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Pakistan's mala fide intentions on the investigations into the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks is now clearly evident.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Weightlifter Monika Devi has termed the actions of the Sports Authority of India (SAI) as “unreasonable and mala fide” and alleged that she failed to go to Beijing Olympics because of the “deliberate lapse” on the part of the Indian Olympic Association (IOA).


Panoply  [  PAN-uh’-plee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a splendid display 2. all the arms and armour of a warrior 3. any complete covering   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The panoply of colourful flags at the ceremony was very pleasing to the eye.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   We can utilize the panoply of sensors and detection devices and monitoring equipment and military hardware to ensure that we do not continue to be subjected to what amounts to an onslaught every single day.


Avarice  [  AV-er-is  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. an insatiable greed for wealth or a miserly desire to accumulate and hoard wealth 2. covetousness   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The millionaire said that his ruthlessness in business was abetted by avarice.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The book refers to him, in my words, as a great white shark, and the book describes the battle between his avarice and his higher principles.


Indefatigable  [  in-di-FAT-i- guh’-buh’ l  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   incapable of being tired or fatigued   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His indefatigable spirit is said to live on through his charitable organization.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   I give you Bobby Moore in football, Ian Botham in cricket and Johnno himself in rugby, three men of indefatigable will who led by deed.


Qualm  [  kwahm, kwawm  ] [  noun  ] MEANING : 1. an abrupt onset of dizziness or sickness, as of nausea 2. a sudden feeling of discomfort or pang felt esp. when not sure that one's actions is morally or socially acceptable 3. a sudden uneasy or disturbing feeling; sudden apprehension USAGE EXAMPLE 1 : He felt a sudden qualm when he saw the corpse lying on the road. USAGE EXAMPLE 2 : President Bush cannot be a nationalist, they argue, because he has no qualms about the destruction of the American, the shipping of U.S. jobs overseas, the tearing down of what remains of our borders, the demographic transformation of the United States


Revile  [  ri-VAHYL  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to scold or rebuke using offensive language 2. (intr.v.) to insult by means of abusive language   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The main accusation against the soldiers was that they reviled the prisoners of war.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The contrast with neighbouring Nepal, where this year a much-reviled monarch was given his marching orders, could not be starker.


Scintillate  [  SIN-tl-eyt  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to sparkle, shimmer or flash 2. (tr.v.) to twinkle or gleam like the stars (tr.v) to be animated, witty or brilliant (intr.v.) to gleam, shimmer or sparkle   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Her dress scintillated in the evening lights.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   It is a delightful mix of young dancers who scintillate with their synchronised steps," Neha Jha, who saw the performance in Mumbai, said.


Artifact  [  AHR-tuh'-fakt  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. an object made by humans that could be of historical interest 2. an article or structure that has been archaeologically excavated 3. an object that reflects contemporary culture 4. something that becomes apparent after extraneous (esp. human) activity   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The artefacts were stolen from the museum.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The artifacts were part of a dagger buried with a warrior chief, near Stonehenge, nearly 4,000 years ago.


Scoff  [  skawf, skof  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) gibe or an instance or object of scorn or mockery 2. (tr.v.) to mock, jeer or express scorn 3. (intr.v.) to display contempt by ridiculing or jeering   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   She scoffed at his attempt to explain why he was late.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Many scholars scoff at Brown's appeals to scholarship, arguing that the bloodline theory has been around for centuries and thoroughly discredited as a fraud.


Eulogy  [  YOO-luh'-jee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a speech full of praise in honour of someone who has died recently 2. high praise, acclamation or commendation   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His eulogy was well written.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Prime Minister Gordon Brown's eulogy at the funeral yesterday of John MacDougall praised the Glenrothes MP as a "tireless fighter for social justice and endlessly loyal champion of decent values."

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