Showing posts from November, 2012


Vantage  [  VAN-tij, VAHN   ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a position, condition, or place affording a commanding view 2. superiority or an advantage 3. in a superior or advantageous position   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   From the vantage position, he watched the cricket match being played at the stadium.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Overlooking northern Israel and southern Syria, the heights give Israel an excellent vantage point for monitoring Syrian movements. 


Prognosis  [  prog-NOH-sis  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. diagnosis or forecast of what the probable outcome, especially that of a disease, may be 2. prophecy or prediction   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The prognosis was good and a complete recovery was predicted.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   With more global warming in store, researchers said, the prognosis is grim for the Arctic's so-called perennial sea ice, which is the ice that survives through the summer.


Vicarious  [  vahy-KAIR-ee-uh's, vi-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. substituting for another 2. endured or experienced by means of imaginatively participating in the experience of another 3. designating or delegating powers or authority to another 4. (physiology) pertaining to a condition where an organ performs a function that is usually performed by another organ   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His vicarious living was perceived to be unhealthy.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   One of the special feelings in team sport is the vicarious pleasure that comes from unified success.


Stoic  [  STOH-ik  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (n.) one who is apathetic to emotions like grief and pleasure 2. (n.) one who belongs to a greek school of philosophy that had been founded by zeno who stated that wise men are the ones who are apathetic to worldly emotions like grief and pleasure 3. (adj.) being indifferent to earthly emotions like grief and pleasure 4. (adj.) of or pertaining to stoics   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   His stoic mannerisms caused people to feel that he lacked emotions.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   "The stoic silence that he maintains is scary sometimes," said a police official. 


Labyrinthine  [  lab-uh’-RIN- thin, -theen  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   of or relating to a maze or as puzzling and intricate as a maze   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The labyrinthine maze of departments in the Indian bureaucratic system is unfathomable to even those within the system.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   This labyrinthine warren of shops is called Kapali Carsi (kah-pah-luh chahr-shuh), literally "Covered Market." It was the first shopping mall ever built. 


Emend  [  i-mend  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to edit and remove errors 2. to change erroneous faults   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   To emend and proof read text calls for large doses of patience and diligence.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   There is a perpetual succession of editions with augmented if not emended intelligence so as to secure for every post through which it is sent out the latest news from every source.


Stymie  [  STAHY-mee  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to hinder, thwart or stand in one's way as an obstacle 2. (n.) an obstacle, impediment or obstruction 3. (n.) (golf) a condition when the ball (tee) of the opponent serves as an obstacle between the current player's ball (tee) and the hole   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Her efforts were stymied by her opponents.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The questioning conducted on Aug. 26 and Aug. 28 comes amid a move by the governor's attorney to stymie a legislative investigation of Palin.


Caricature  [  KAR-i-kuh'-cher, -choo' r  ]   [  noun, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. a pictorial representation highlighting any flaws or peculiarities in a person's features or mannerisms in order to bring about a grotesque or humorous effect 2. the art of making or creating caricatures 3. (tr.v.) to make a pictorial depiction or caricature   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The caricature humiliated the politician.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Political caricature is the staple of newspaper cartoons, sketch-writing and impressionists.


Avant  [  sa-VAHNT, SAV-uh’ nt; Fr. Sa*-vahn*  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. a philosopher, scholar or one who is learned   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The king decided to consult a savant for a better understanding of the subject.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   There is usually some savant among the holiday guests who notes that of course there's room for dessert -- there is a hollow leg or extra stomach set aside for just that purpose.


Slovenly  [  SLUHV-uh’ n-lee  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) untidy, unkempt or bedraggled 2. (adj.) characteristic of or pertaining to a sloven or slipshod 3. (adv.) in a manner that reflects untidiness or shabbiness   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He lost his job because of his slovenly dressing style.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Behind his slovenly, shambling flabbiness, he packs a vicious left hook.


Onerous  [  ON-er-uh’ s, OH-ner-  ]   [  adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. arduous, burdensome or oppressive 2. legal obligations overshadowing advantages   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He found the onerous duties of being a Prime Minister too taxing and was secretly relieved when his party lost the parliamentary elections.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   We are talking about a standard verification package. This is not onerous; this is not unusual in terms of trying to verify activities that may have taken place.


Autocrat  [  AW-tuh'-krat  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a monarch who has absolute power or authority, a despot or dictator   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   He wielded power like an autocrat.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Members see the head of their church as a servant leader who puts his lives at the disposal of others. Outsiders see him as an autocrat.


Consanguinity  [  kon-sang-GWIN- i-tee  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   1. blood relationship or kinship 2. a close relationship, affinity or connection   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   Though the Iranians may claim a sense of consanguinity with the Germanic races, there is little similarity between them culturally.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   Sometimes the Israelis and Palestinians are best left alone to try to sort out their tragic consanguinity.


Bedlam  [  BED-luh' m  ]   [  noun  ]   MEANING :   a state, place or scene of utter confusion and uproar   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The presence of a snake in the room caused absolute bedlam.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   The bomb went off and it was absolute bedlam - it was the biggest bang I've ever heard in my life, he said. 


Polyglot  [  POL-ee-glot  ]   [  noun, adjective  ]   MEANING :   1. (adj.) multilingual or composed using various languages 2. (n.) a multilingual speaker 3. (n.) a book or text written in several different languages   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The polyglot speaker impressed all who were present at the seminar.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   This polyglot city is making it official: Agencies will offer services in six of the most common foreign languages spoken — Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Korean, Italian and French Creole.


Expropriate  [  eks-proh-pree- eyt  ]   [  transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. to deprive or take away from someone his possessions or ownership rights 2. to take something from someone else for one's own use   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The government has decided to expropriate more land in Chandipur in order to expand its missile testing base.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   An Argentine government secretary, Luis D'Elía, has lead recent efforts to expropriate Tompkins's holdings and publicly hinted that the environmentalist is working with the U.S. government to exert control over regional water supplies.


Mortify  [  MAWR-tuh’-fahy  ]   [  intransitive verb, transitive verb  ]   MEANING :   1. (tr.v.) to deaden or discipline one's bodily appetites by fasting or self-denial 2. (tr.v.) to shame, embarrass or humiliate 3. (intr.v.) to practise mortification 4. (intr.v.) to become necrosed or gangrenous   USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :   The outcome of the game mortified the home team.   USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :   It is not only deeply painful for the two of us but also for everyone else affected and it would mortify our mother if she were alive today and, if we might say so, we feel we are more able to speak for our mother than Paul. 

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