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Showing posts from November, 2012

Vantage

Vantage [ VAN-tij, VAHN  ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a position, condition, or place affording a commanding view
2. superiority or an advantage
3. in a superior or advantageous positionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :From the vantage position, he watched the cricket match being played at the stadium.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :Overlooking northern Israel and southern Syria, the heights give Israel an excellent vantage point for monitoring Syrian movements.

Prognosis

Prognosis [ prog-NOH-sis ][ noun ]MEANING :1. diagnosis or forecast of what the probable outcome, especially that of a disease, may be
2. prophecy or predictionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The prognosis was good and a complete recovery was predicted.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :With more global warming in store, researchers said, the prognosis is grim for the Arctic's so-called perennial sea ice, which is the ice that survives through the summer.

Vicarious

Vicarious [ vahy-KAIR-ee-uh's, vi- ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. substituting for another
2. endured or experienced by means of imaginatively participating in the experience of another
3. designating or delegating powers or authority to another
4. (physiology) pertaining to a condition where an organ performs a function that is usually performed by another organUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His vicarious living was perceived to be unhealthy.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :One of the special feelings in team sport is the vicarious pleasure that comes from unified success.

Stoic

Stoic [ STOH-ik ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) one who is apathetic to emotions like grief and pleasure
2. (n.) one who belongs to a greek school of philosophy that had been founded by zeno who stated that wise men are the ones who are apathetic to worldly emotions like grief and pleasure
3. (adj.) being indifferent to earthly emotions like grief and pleasure
4. (adj.) of or pertaining to stoicsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His stoic mannerisms caused people to feel that he lacked emotions.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :"The stoic silence that he maintains is scary sometimes," said a police official.

Labyrinthine

Labyrinthine [ lab-uh’-RIN-thin, -theen ][ adjective ]MEANING :of or relating to a maze or as puzzling and intricate as a mazeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The labyrinthine maze of departments in the Indian bureaucratic system is unfathomable to even those within the system.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :This labyrinthine warren of shops is called Kapali Carsi (kah-pah-luh chahr-shuh), literally "Covered Market." It was the first shopping mall ever built.

Emend

Emend [ i-mend ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to edit and remove errors
2. to change erroneous faultsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :To emend and proof read text calls for large doses of patience and diligence.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :There is a perpetual succession of editions with augmented if not emended intelligence so as to secure for every post through which it is sent out the latest news from every source.

Stymie

Stymie [ STAHY-mee ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to hinder, thwart or stand in one's way as an obstacle
2. (n.) an obstacle, impediment or obstruction
3. (n.) (golf) a condition when the ball (tee) of the opponent serves as an obstacle between the current player's ball (tee) and the holeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Her efforts were stymied by her opponents.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :The questioning conducted on Aug. 26 and Aug. 28 comes amid a move by the governor's attorney to stymie a legislative investigation of Palin.

Caricature

Caricature [ KAR-i-kuh'-cher, -choo' r ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. a pictorial representation highlighting any flaws or peculiarities in a person's features or mannerisms in order to bring about a grotesque or humorous effect
2. the art of making or creating caricatures
3. (tr.v.) to make a pictorial depiction or caricatureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The caricature humiliated the politician.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :Political caricature is the staple of newspaper cartoons, sketch-writing and impressionists.

Avant

Avant [ sa-VAHNT, SAV-uh’ nt; Fr. Sa*-vahn* ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a philosopher, scholar or one who is learnedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The king decided to consult a savant for a better understanding of the subject.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :There is usually some savant among the holiday guests who notes that of course there's room for dessert -- there is a hollow leg or extra stomach set aside for just that purpose.

Slovenly

Slovenly [ SLUHV-uh’ n-lee ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) untidy, unkempt or bedraggled
2. (adj.) characteristic of or pertaining to a sloven or slipshod
3. (adv.) in a manner that reflects untidiness or shabbinessUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He lost his job because of his slovenly dressing style.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :Behind his slovenly, shambling flabbiness, he packs a vicious left hook.

Onerous

Onerous [ ON-er-uh’ s, OH-ner- ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. arduous, burdensome or oppressive
2. legal obligations overshadowing advantagesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He found the onerous duties of being a Prime Minister too taxing and was secretly relieved when his party lost the parliamentary elections.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :We are talking about a standard verification package. This is not onerous; this is not unusual in terms of trying to verify activities that may have taken place.

Autocrat

Autocrat [ AW-tuh'-krat ][ noun ]MEANING :a monarch who has absolute power or authority, a despot or dictatorUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He wielded power like an autocrat.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :Members see the head of their church as a servant leader who puts his lives at the disposal of others. Outsiders see him as an autocrat.

Consanguinity

Consanguinity [ kon-sang-GWIN-i-tee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. blood relationship or kinship
2. a close relationship, affinity or connectionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Though the Iranians may claim a sense of consanguinity with the Germanic races, there is little similarity between them culturally.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :Sometimes the Israelis and Palestinians are best left alone to try to sort out their tragic consanguinity.

Bedlam

Bedlam [ BED-luh' m ][ noun ]MEANING :a state, place or scene of utter confusion and uproarUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The presence of a snake in the room caused absolute bedlam.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :The bomb went off and it was absolute bedlam - it was the biggest bang I've ever heard in my life, he said.

Polyglot

Polyglot [ POL-ee-glot ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) multilingual or composed using various languages
2. (n.) a multilingual speaker
3. (n.) a book or text written in several different languagesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The polyglot speaker impressed all who were present at the seminar.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :This polyglot city is making it official: Agencies will offer services in six of the most common foreign languages spoken — Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Korean, Italian and French Creole.

Expropriate

Expropriate [ eks-proh-pree-eyt ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to deprive or take away from someone his possessions or ownership rights
2. to take something from someone else for one's own useUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The government has decided to expropriate more land in Chandipur in order to expand its missile testing base.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :An Argentine government secretary, Luis D'Elía, has lead recent efforts to expropriate Tompkins's holdings and publicly hinted that the environmentalist is working with the U.S. government to exert control over regional water supplies.

Mortify

Mortify [ MAWR-tuh’-fahy ][ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to deaden or discipline one's bodily appetites by fasting or self-denial
2. (tr.v.) to shame, embarrass or humiliate
3. (intr.v.) to practise mortification
4. (intr.v.) to become necrosed or gangrenousUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The outcome of the game mortified the home team.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :It is not only deeply painful for the two of us but also for everyone else affected and it would mortify our mother if she were alive today and, if we might say so, we feel we are more able to speak for our mother than Paul.
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