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Showing posts from April, 2018
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splenetic

splenetic [ spli-NET-ik ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) splenetic or pertaining to the spleen
2. (adj.) spiteful, peevish or ill-tempered
3. (n.) one who is splenetic in natureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The meeting between the management and the labourers was marked by disruptions due to the splenetic behaviour of the union leader.

iconoclast

iconoclast [ ahy-KON-uh'-klast ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a person who destroys religious images or objects to their worship
2. a person who attacks prejudices, beliefs or institutions that are based on superstitions or erroneous rationaleUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Only an iconoclast like Raja Rammohan Roy could have succeeded in abolishing sati from Hindu society.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :A natural-born iconoclast, Fela was a legend in his own lifetime; as infamous for his lifestyle and politics as he was acclaimed for his music

Caulk

Caulk [ kawk ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr. v.) to make airtight or watertight by filling seams or sealing
2. (intr. v.) to apply a waterproof material to crevices
3. (n.) the material used to seal crevicesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The seam between the window frame and the wall had to be caulked to prevent the rain water from seeping into the room.

Juggernaut

Juggernaut [ JUHG-er-nawt, -not ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a relentless, massive campaign, movement, or object that destroys all in its path
2. one that requires or exacts blind faith or cruel sacrifice
3. (also known as jagannath) an idol of lord krishna, at puri in orissa, india, that is drawn annually on a huge cart under the wheels of which devotees are believed to have thrown themselves in order to be crushedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :there was no escaping the juggernaut of hype for the studio's biggest summer blockbuster

Desideratum

Desideratum [ di-sid-uh'-REY-tuh' m, -RAH-, -zid- ][ noun ]MEANING :something that is highly desired or considered essentialUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The commonplace desideratum of any work of fiction is to keep the reader glued to the novel.

Nascent

Nascent [ NAS-uh’ nt, NEY-suh’ nt ][ adjective ]MEANING :having recently developed or emergedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The nascent policy is being hailed as an important one.

Arabesque

Arabesque [ ar-uh'-BESK ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) a posture in ballet where the dancer bends forward with one arm and leg extended forward and the other arm and leg extended backwards
2. (n.) an ornate, complex design with intricate geometric, floral and foliate figures
3. (n.) a whimsical, fanciful musical piece esp. one for the piano
4. (adj.) elaborate or like or characterised by an arabesqueUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The ballerina was asked to finish the ballet with an arabesque.

Sundry

Sundry [ SUHN-dree ][ adjective ]MEANING :diverse, miscellaneous, various or different, an indeterminate numberUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Personal details should not be aired before all and sundry.

Multifarious

Multifarious [ muhl-tuh’-FAIR-ee-uh’ s ][ adjective ]MEANING :diverse, varied or versatileUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The building houses many multifarious departments.

Febrile

Febrile [ FEE-brahyl, FEE-bruh' l, FEB-ruh' l ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. feverish or pertaining to, caused by or marked by fever
2. hysterical or deliriousUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His febrile state was the cause of great concern.

Emblazon

Emblazon [ em-BLEY-zuh' n ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to adorn, decorate or inscribe with prominent or heraldic bearings
2. to decorate or display with brilliant or bright colours
3. to extol, celebrate, praise or make illustriousUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The entrance to the castle was emblazoned by the royal coat of arms.

Admonitory

Admonitory [ ad-MON-i-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ][ adjective ]MEANING :expressing a warningUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His admonitory words fell on deaf ears.

Oligarchy

Oligarchy [ OL-i-gahr-kee  ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons belonging to a dominant class or elite segment of society
2. a state governed by the few
3. the few who make up a governmentUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The drawback of an oligarchy is that the individuals are usually provoked by the lust for power and religious fanaticism.

Victuals

Victuals [ VIT-l ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) provisions for human beings or food
2. (tr. v.) to provide with food
3. (intr. v.) to get food
4. (intr. v.) to eatUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The hikers had to carry victuals as there were no shops on their route.

Abstinence

Abstinence [ AB-stuh'-nuh'ns ][ noun ]MEANING :1. voluntary forbearance from any indulgence of appetite, particularly from the use of alcoholic beverages
2. any self-denial, forbearance or self-restraintUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Abstinence is often required to balance the body equilibrium.

anosmia

anosmia [ an-OZ-mee-uh', -OS- ][ noun ]MEANING :loss or absence of the sense of smellUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Certain intranasal gels marketed as remedies for the common cold can also be a cause of anosmia.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :The likelihood of recovery from anosmia depends on what has caused it, as well as any treatment.

Encomium

Encomium [ en-KOH-mee-uh' m ][ noun ]MEANING :enthusiastic praise or laudationUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The teacher was overwhelmed with the encomiums bestowed on her at her retirement ceremony.

Primordial

Primordial [ prahy-MAWR-dee-uh'l ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. original or constituting a beginning
2. formed first or happening first in sequence of time
3. elementary or fundamentalUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Researchers worldwide are to meet and compare their studies of primordial germ cells.

Dirge

Dirge [ durj ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a poem, hymn or song played at a funeral to express grief or sorrow
a sad or mournful piece of literary work that is musical in natureUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The dirge brought tears to everyone's eyes.

Careen

Careen [ kuh'-Reen ][ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (intr. v.) to swerve while moving
2. (intr. v.) to rush headlong and carelessly
3. (intr. v.) to tilt or lean
4. (tr. v.) to cause to lean or tiltUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The speeding car careened off the road and fell into the gully.

Necromancy

Necromancy [ NEK-ruh’-man-see][ noun ]MEANING :1. the practice of predicting the future by communicating with the spirits of the dead
2. black magicUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The practice of necromancy is almost non-existent in modern day society.

annuity

annuity [ uh-NOO-i-tee, uh-NYOO-i-tee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. the annual payment of an allowance
2. a contract by which one receives fixed payments on an investment for a lifetimeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :They assured him that after he retired he would receive an annuity for the rest of his natural life.

flay

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flay [ fley ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to whip or lash
2. to take the skin off in strips
3. to fleece or strip of money or goods
4. to scold or criticize with scathing severityUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :In the old days punishment was so severe that people who stole food were flayed in public.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :This populism ignores the fact that few householders, however protective of their possessions, want a license to flay, torture, spit-roast or feed to the cats any malefactor with designs on their flat-screen televisions.

Prophetic

Prophetic [ pruh'-FET-ik ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. pertaining to or having the powers of a prophet
2. portentous or predicting eventsUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His friends could not decide whether his statement regarding the impending crash was the result of idle speculation of prophetic inspiration.

flay

flay [ fley ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to whip or lash
2. to take the skin off in strips
3. to fleece or strip of money or goods
4. to scold or criticize with scathing severityUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :In the old days punishment was so severe that people who stole food were flayed in public.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :This populism ignores the fact that few householders, however protective of their possessions, want a license to flay, torture, spit-roast or feed to the cats any malefactor with designs on their flat-screen televisions.

Convivial

Convivial [ kuh'n-VIV-ee-uh'l][ adjective ]MEANING :1. sociable or friendly
2. fond of good company, drinking and feasting
3. festiveUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The carnival was a great success because of its convivial ambiance.

Beguile

Beguile [ bih-GAHYL ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to deceive by trickery or influence by flattery
2. to take away from by deceiving or cheating
3. to charm, divert or distract
4. to amuse or delight
5. to pass time in a pleasant mannerUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The old couple were beguiled of their savings by the sweet talking fund manager.

Unimpeachable

Unimpeachable [ uhn-im-PEE-chuh’-buh’l ][ adjective ]MEANING :beyond reproach; above suspicionUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The unimpeachable character of the municipal commissioner contradicted his appearance.

Dipsomaniac

Dipsomaniac [ dip-suh'-MEY-nee-ak, -soh- ][ noun ]MEANING :a person with an insatiable craving for alcoholic beveragesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Peter was a true dipsomaniac, his love for daiquiris was unmatched.

Nadir

nadir [ NEY-der, NEY-deer ][ noun ]MEANING :1. the lowest possible point; extreme despair or adversity
2. the point on the celestial sphere directly beneath a given position or observer and diametrically opposite the zenith.USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Relations between Iran and the USA reached their nadir when 66 US diplomats were taken hostage by Islamic militants in 1979.

wizened

wizened [ WIZ-uh'nd; WEE-zuh'nd ][ adjective ]MEANING :shrivelled, withered or dried upUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The wizened look did not belong on a young face.
USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :She looked at this wizened old man, dark and rough as a cinnamon bark.