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Showing posts from May, 2014

Urbane

Urbane [ ur-BEYN  ][ adjective ]MEANING :polite, refined and sophisticated in manner.USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :At the start of the new term the teacher addressed the children in an urbane tone so as to befriend rather than intimidate the class.

Pertinacious

Pertinacious [ pur-tn-EY-shuh’ s ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. stubborn, obstinate or unyielding
2. resolute or tenaciousUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Her pertinacious, pro-communist views irked the audience.

Bard

Bard [ bahrd ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) a celtic poet who played the lyre or harp while reciting poems
2. (n.) a poet
3. (n.) a piece of armour that is placed on the back of a horse
4. (tr.v.) to place bards on a horseUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :A bard was called forth to entertain the assembled guests.

Unearth

Unearth [ uhn-URTH  ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to dig up out of the earth
2. to uncover or bring to public noticeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Fossils of some prehistoric creature were unearthed at the excavation site.

Pert

Pert [ purt ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. saucy, bold or impudent
2. vivacious, stylish or chic
3. lively or stimulatingUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The sales girl gave the customer a pert look which intrigued him.

Incursion

Incursion [ in-KUR-zhuh’ n, -shuh’ n ][ noun ]MEANING :an invasion, inroad, intrusion or raidUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The armed incursion into Kargil by Pakistani troops in 1998 was successfully repulsed by the Indian army.

Unencumbered

Unencumbered [ uhn-en-KUHM-berd ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. not having cares or responsibilities
2. property that is not subject to the claims of creditors or liensUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Having renounced worldly possessions, he entered the seminary unencumbered.

Joie de vivre

Joie de vivre [ˌʒwɑː də ˈviːvr(ə)]

MEANING:
Exuberant enjoyment of life

EXAMPLE:
they seem to be filled with joie de vivre

De Facto

De Facto [deɪ ˈfaktəʊ]

MEANING:
In fact, whether by right or not:

USAGE EXAMPLE:
the country was de facto divided between two states

Conscientious

Conscientious [ kon-shee-EN-shuh's ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. scrupulous or controlled by the conscience
2. painstaking or thoroughUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He received the employee of the year award because he was conscientious and hard working.

Artifice

Artifice [ AHR-tuh-fis ][ noun ]MEANING :1. wile, stratagem, or a sly trick
2. trickery, cunningness or craftiness
3. ingenuity, skill or inventivenessUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The high school drama was his directional debut, full of artifice and panache.

Utilitarian

Utilitarian [ yoo-til-i-TAIR-ee-uh’n ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) useful rather than beautiful
2. (n.) one who practices utilitarianismUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was advised to choose utilitarian equipment for the camping trip.

Introspection

Introspection [ in-truh'-SPEK-shuh'n ][ noun ]MEANING :1. (n) the act of examining one's conscienceUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :This is a book that invites introspection from established groups, possibly even navel gazing

Saunter

Saunter [ SAWN-ter, SAHN- ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to walk or stroll in a relaxed manner or with a gentle gait
2. (n.) a relaxed, gentle gait
3. (n.) a stroll or unhurried, relaxed walkUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He sauntered around the park to gain her attention.

Mottled

Mottled [ MOT-ld ][ adjective ]MEANING :spotted, blotched or streaked with different coloursUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :His mottled locks were eye-catching.

Browbeat

Browbeat [ BROU-beet  ][ transitive verb ]MEANING :1. to intimidate by a domineering manner
2. to bully or scare into complying with
3. to coerce or badgerUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The lawyer received a warning after the witness was browbeaten by him.

Stymie

Stymie [ STAHY-mee ][ noun, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to hinder, thwart or stand in one's way as an obstacle
2. (n.) an obstacle, impediment or obstruction
3. (n.) (golf) a condition when the ball (tee) of the opponent serves as an obstacle between the current player's ball (tee) and the holeUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Her efforts were stymied by her opponents.

Ire

Ire [ ahy-uh'-r ][ noun ]MEANING :1. extreme anger
2. rageUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :It took a lot of effort on their part to assuage his ire.

Woo

Woo [ woo ][ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to seek love or affection esp. with the intention of marriage
2. (tr.v.) to solicit, urge or entreat
3. (tr.v.) to seek or try to get
4. (intr.v.) to court a womanUSAGE EXAMPLE:The poor peasant boy wooed the rich merchant's daughter.

Bovine

Bovine [ BOH-vahyn ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (adj.) pertaining to cattle
2. (adj.) ox like
3. (n.) cattleUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He was a veterinarian who specialized in bovine diseases.

Arduous

Arduous [ Brit., ahr-dyoo-uh's, ahr-joo-uh' s ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. onerous, laborious, strenuous or difficult
2. steep or difficult to climbUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :It was an arduous journey.

Neopotism

Neopotism [ˈnɛpətɪz(ə)m]

The practice among those with power or influence of favouring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.

Example: 
His years in office were marked by corruption and nepotism.

Esoteric

Esoteric [ es-uh'-TER-ik ][ adjective ]MEANING :1. understood by or designed for only a select few
2. requiring or showcasing special knowledge that is revealed only to a small group
3. private; confidential
4. of a rare, special, or unusual interestUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The esoteric seminar on “the relevance of the Upanishads in present day society” attracted a sparse audience.

Eccentricity

Eccentricity [ ek-suh'n-TRIS-i-tee ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a peculiarity or an oddity
2. idiosyncrasy or the quality of being strangely odd
3. a deviation from the normal or the expectedUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :M. F. Hussain the famous artist is also noted for his eccentricity.

Cleave

Cleave [ kleev ][ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (tr.v.) to penetrate or pierce
2. (tr.v.) to divide, disunite or split
3. (intr.v.) to split or fall apart
4. (intr.v.) to cling or adhere closelyUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The JCB machine cleaved a path through the dense jungle so that a road could be built which connected the two villages.

Iconoclast

Iconoclast [ ahy-KON-uh'-klast ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a person who destroys religious images or objects to their worship
2. a person who attacks prejudices, beliefs or institutions that are based on superstitions or erroneous rationaleUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :Only an iconoclast like Raja Rammohan Roy could have succeeded in abolishing sati from Hindu society.

Axiom

Axiom [ AK-see-uh'm ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a maxim or universally accepted truth
2. a principle, rule or law that is established and universally accepted
3. a postulate or a proposition that is assumed to be true without proof for the purpose of studying the resulting consequencesUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :A Russian mathematician devised three axioms that expound the theory of probability.

Allure

Allure [ uh'LOOR ][ noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]MEANING :1. (n.) the power to lure
2. (n.) enticement
3. (intr. v.) to be very attractive
4. (tr. v.) to use something desirable as bait to attractUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :He invested his life's savings in gold bonds because of the allure of the yellow metal.

Arabesque

Arabesque [ ar-uh'-BESK ][ noun, adjective ]MEANING :1. (n.) a posture in ballet where the dancer bends forward with one arm and leg extended forward and the other arm and leg extended backwards
2. (n.) an ornate, complex design with intricate geometric, floral and foliate figures
3. (n.) a whimsical, fanciful musical piece esp. one for the piano
4. (adj.) elaborate or like or characterised by an arabesqueUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The ballerina was asked to finish the ballet with an arabesque.

Epilogue

Epilogue [ EP-uh'-lawg, -log ][ noun ]MEANING :1. a speech or poem recited at the conclusion of a play
2. one who delivers the speech or poem at the end of a play
3. a short section appended to the conclusion of a piece of literary work like a novelUSAGE EXAMPLE 1 :The epilogue was set nearly nineteen years in the future.